Periodontal disease affects health of the gums and, classically speaking, is divided into two groups:
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums characterised by bleeding, irritation and increased sensitivity.
It is usually caused by dental plaque or biofilm, which is made up of a fine film of food remains, bacteria and saliva adhered to the teeth and gums. If dental plaque is not eliminated regularly with suitable brushing, it sticks to the surface of the enamel, attacking tooth structures and producing a series of substances that cause the gum swelling, giving rise to gingivitis (inflammation of the gum), redness and gingival bleeding.
If it is not treated in time, it can develop into periodontitis (pyorrhoea). Periodontitis is a serious condition as the gingival inflammatory process spreads to the periodontal ligament which holds and secures the tooth, even the alveolar bone, and can destroy both tissues.
Periodontal pockets appear, which are an increase in the gap or space between the surface of the tooth and the internal part of the gum. This destructive process spreads until tooth stability is compromised. Due to the loss of fixation, in the final stages the teeth become separated and loose, losing their normal location, and finally the tooth irremediably falls out.
Brushing after each meal with a suitable toothbrush, a toothpaste specifically developed for gums and using a mouthwash are essential for the prevention and treatment of gingivitis.
When the first symptoms appear you should go to the dentist to evaluate your gums and prevent their health being affected.